Vorgeschichte[ Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten ] Das Herausbrechen des Individuums und des Staates aus der mittelalterlichen Weltordnung und die daraus entstehenden Konflikte, insbesondere die Religionskriegewarfen die Frage nach dem Warum und dem Wie der politischen Ordnung mit bisher unbekannter Vehemenz auf. Die Theorie vom Gottesgnadentum diente zur Rechtfertigung der Herrschaft. Die Monarchomachen leiteten aus dem ungeschriebenen Vertrag zwischen Herrscher und Volk mittlerweile ein Widerstandsrecht des Volkes gegen den Herrscher ab. Ein Hauptmotiv der Vertragstheorien im
Like many sons, both Hamlet and Aeneas have frank conversations with their fathers that direct them. The difference, of course, in these relationships is that the fathers of both characters speak to them from the dead.
Conference Panel Proposal Title of panel: Reflections from the Dwellings of the Dead Six sentence description or abstract of panel: Ray Bradbury"s famous novel, Fahrenheit details the negative effects of censorship specifically in response to the political and social conflicts that remain as culturally relevant as ever in contemporary society.
Advocates of gun control, national security, and LGBT, and religious rights all draw from principles found in Bradbury"s novel. My paper will detail how the novel creates learning opportunities for high school students to explore multiple perspectives of censorship, abstract attitudes regarding politics and religion, and emerging contemporary social attitudes.
Because the frequently archaic language in eighteenth-century British laboring-class poetry often fails to resonate with my students, I designed a service-learning course to help them understand similarities between the culture within which such poetry flourished and conditions in contemporary rural Alabama less than one hundred miles from our campus.
My students and I journeyed into Alabamas Black Belt, where the poverty rate hovers around forty percent, and they came to see how late eighteenth-century poets Oliver Goldsmith and George Crabbe polemicized about conditions like poverty, crime, and rural depopulation that resemble those of contemporary Alabama.
My students knew little at first about the nature or causes of eighteenth-century rural poverty and failed to see through Goldsmith"s sentimental rendering of it in The Deserted Village, but they have been inundated all of their lives by Gone With the Wind and other idealizations of agrarian Southern culture.
Their illusions dissipated quickly under the combined force of Crabbe"s almost brutal demythologizing of rural poverty in his poetic riposte to Goldsmith, The Village, and our service-learning activities in Head Start centers in the Black Belt.
By linking their readings with their service-learning, the students enriched their skills as readers and interpreters of literature, gained practice in civic responsibility, and, most importantly in terms of the ACTC conference theme, gained perspective on current social issues via the literary culture of the eighteenth century.
Contemporary Fiction and Core Texts: For many undergraduates reading and interpreting classic core texts can be intimidating and prohibitive.
Often genre, style, and translation prevent students from realizing the perennial nature and importance of the themes and questions classic texts present. Contemporary fiction that acknowledges its philosophic and literary ancestors while at the same time broaching perennial themes from a modern perspective can be a road in to more traditional texts while simultaneously framing the problems and questions that are prominent to students.
In this paper, we will argue that Mark Helprin"s Freddy and Fredericka, with its allusions to Dante, Tocqueville, Hegel, Swift, and Twain to name just a few combined with its comic humour and clear vision of democracy provides a path for contemporary students to the western core while at the same time making a case for itself as part of that core.
Intellectual, Moral and Physical Abstract: Contemporaries John Stuart Mill and Herbert Spencer championed utilitarian views but did not share identical views on the shape and utility of education. Intellectual, Moral and Physical in order to consider factors that resulted in radically different priorities and goals for education.
These texts raise issues that continue in modern discussions about the utility of different forms of education, particularly of practical and liberal arts education. Apophaticism and The White Whale: Part of the problem with justifying the liberal arts to the modern world be it scientific, corporate or technological is that in so doing, we fail to translate standards from those quantifiable to those enduring and universal.
Though traditionally used in the theological context, I argue that apophaticism applies also to literary analysis and philosophical conversation concerning Herman Melvilles Moby Dick, and to real life.
I utilize the apophatic tradition articulated by modern philosopher and theologian Jean-Luc Marion and apply it to Herman Melvilles Moby Dick; just as the unnamable horror of the White Whale or the eternal truth value of Ishmaels tale evade clear articulation but are for this more intense, more true, so too are the successes of a liberal arts education deeper and more universal.
The value and merits of a liberal arts education are not lesser than those of other, more classically quantifiable fields for their inability to be packaged and clearly presented; in fact, they are for this all the more valuable, for they are unbounded and capable of anything.
The Synthetic Essay, Revisted: Olaf Colleges Great Conversation Program is a five-course sequence in the Western Humanities approached through great books and works of art and music.
From a recent self-study, we have strong anecdotal evidence of the ways in which core texts influence alumni lives.
The programs final assignmentin which students reflect upon a theme of great relevance to them through three or four selected textsprovides evidence of intellectual growth during the first two years of college.
DeRoses participation in the program. Jason will reflect on the texts that have influenced his work as a journalist and the surprising way that great books, in particular Ecclesiastes, Euripidess Iphigenia, and Julian of Norwichs Showings, have contributed to a life of worth and service.
Paradigm Shifts Core Text: I will talk about how the primary texts we study can either cause us to be complicit in the status quo or help us analyze how predominant scientific discourse since Copernicus have blinded most people to the destruction of our planets ability to sustain life.
It comes down to our understanding of time, as comprised of straight lines, of progress forward leaving the past behind, rather than of time as cycles and circles, the prevailing metaphor of the Middle Ages.
It comes down to our atomistic understanding of matter as reductionist, and discrete. We believe we can pollute the environment without polluting our bodies, which are a part of it.^ Locke, John. Second Treatise of Government.
, Rousseaus novel Emile, or On Education is a treatise on the education of the whole person for citizenship. He was shot by order of the Little Council, Jean-Jacques Rousseaus father, Isaac, was not in the city at this time, but Jean-Jacquess grandfather supported Fatio and was.
View Essay - Locke and Rousseau Comparison Essay from HIST at University Of Connecticut. Theriault 1 John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau both . Some Thoughts Concerning Education is a treatise on the education of gentlemen written by the English philosopher John Locke.
In the Second Treatise on Government Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Emile, or on Education. Trans.
Allan Bloom. New York: Basic Books (), 47 and – Second Treatise Of Government Second Treatise Of Government Lockes The Second Treatise of Civil Government: The Significance of Reason The significance of reason is discussed both in John Lockes, The Second Treatise of Civil Government, and in Jean-Jacques Rousseaus, Emile.
However, the definitions that both authors give to the word reason vary. Microsoft Word - TCOS Final Version single vetconnexx.com Kai Ahrens | Download Second, this explanation is to be found in the presence of institutions that make human beings willing to treat strangers as honorary friends.
which has had a seductive hold over human thinking since Jean-Jacques Rousseau wrote about noble savages in the 18th.
Second, a survey of Voltaire's philosophical views is offered so as to attach the legacy of what Voltaire did with the intellectual viewpoints that his activities reinforced.
such as his public defense of Jean Calas who, Voltaire argued, was a victim of a despotic state and an irrational and brutal judicial system.
Voltaire often attached.