The goal was to construct a new nation from scratch, pioneering representative democracy as a new form of government, while at the same time pioneering the uncharted American continent. Without foreign control, it was that initial unity that drove the United States forward. As the country developed, inner tensions began to come forth, culminating in the formation of the two-party system towards the end of the 18th century. The French Revolution, and other foreign affairs triggered by it, also had an influence on American politics, but this influence was somewhat less than that of domestic affairs at the time.
About seven million Native Americans live in North America Vespucci realizes that Colombo discovered a new continent Apr Portuguese explorer Juan Cabrillo discovers California Sep Jamestown is the first English colony in the Americas Aug John Smith founds the colony of Virginia Jul A tobacco plantation opens in Virginia Aug Boston is founded Jun Maryland is born as the private possession of an individual The governor of Massachusetts reports that all the natives have died of smallpox Sep Harvard University is founded near Boston, the first American university Virginia has become the major source of tobacco for Europe Sep John Harvard bequeaths half of his fortune to a newly-founded school near Boston, the first major act of philanthropy Jan Roger Williams founds the first Baptist group Elizabeth Glover sets up the first printing press in North America in Boston Britain captures Nieuw Nederland and renames it Delaware Mar France claims the territory of Louisiana Oct Yale University is founded Feb North Carolina is separated from South Carolina Apr Britain and France sign a peace treaty "Treaty of Utrecht" that hands most of Canada to Britain and leaves Britain as the dominant force in north America May Smallpox epidemic in Boston Dec Benjamin Franklin founds the first lending library Jun Benjamin Franklin and others found the "American Philosophical Society" Benjamin Franklin invents the lightening conductor Britain bans colonial settlements in North America west of the Appalachians Dec Gaspar de Portola is appointed governor of Las Californias There are about 50 printers in the British colonies of America Vermont declares its independence from Britain and abolishes slavery James Cook is the first European to visit the Hawaii Thomas Paine publishes the pamphlet "Common Sense" advocating independence from England James Cook is killed by Hawaiians Nov Revolutionary troops led by general George Washington and French troops led by Rochambeau defeat the British Army led by Charles Cornwallis at the battle of Yorktown, Britain surrenders, the independence war ends and Philadelphia 50, inhabitants becomes the capital of the United States of America Massachusetts abolishes slavery Sep Britain recognises the independence of the United States of America, and hands over the eastern half of the Mississippi Valley, thus doubling the size of the USA population 3.
Britain surrenders Florida to Spain Apr Benjamin Franklin suggests the use of daylight saving time to save energy Revolution: Revolution, in social and political science, a major, sudden, and hence typically violent alteration in government and in related associations and structures.
The term is used by analogy in such expressions as the Industrial Revolution, where it refers to a radical and profound change in economic. American politics in the 's were shaped more importantly by domestic affairs. Domestic affairs marked turning points in the history of the nation, exemplified the United States as a diverse but whole union, and helped aid foreign affairs that were also crucial to the shaping of American politics.
Shaping American politics in the s When the United States stood up to Britain as a sovereign nation in with the Declaration of Independence, there was . The French Revolution. The emergence of the two-party system.
Threats of war with France and England. The first transfer of Presidential political power. George Washington called "debauched" and worse. The clampdown of personal freedoms.
Welcome to the political s in America. The history of American politics seems to be viewed as Democrats vs.
Republicans or liberals vs. conservatives. But there has been a strong urban vs. rural aspect in American political history. July 31, - The first patent in the United States is issued to inventor Samuel Hopkins for improved method of making potash.
February 25, - The First Bank of the United States chartered in Philadelphia for twenty years by the United States Congress, part of the three part expansion of federal fiscal policy, including a federal mint and excise taxes.