An analysis of european influences to the native indians of america during the exploration age

Paleo-Indians and Settlement of the Americas This map shows the approximate location of the ice-free corridor and specific Paleoindian sites Clovis theory. It is not definitively known how or when the Native Americans first settled the Americas and the present-day United States. The prevailing theory proposes that people migrated from Eurasia across Beringiaa land bridge that connected Siberia to present-day Alaska during the Ice Ageand then spread southward throughout the Americas over the subsequent generations. Genetic evidence suggests at least three waves of migrants arrived from Asia, with the first occurring at least 15 thousand years ago.

An analysis of european influences to the native indians of america during the exploration age

An analysis of european influences to the native indians of america during the exploration age

Used by permission of the publisher. For personal use and not for further distribution. Please submit permission requests for other use directly to the publisher. DiNome, Additional research provided by Joffre L. Towles, and Rich Weidman.

Introduction ; Part ii: American Indians before European contact; Part iii: Indian tribes from European contact to the era of removal ; Part iv: The struggle for Indian sovereignty and cultural identity ; Part v: North Carolina Indians today ; Part vi: American Indians before European contact The history of American Indians before European contact is broadly divided into three major periods: The limited evidence available about the Paleo-Indian period suggests that the first Indians in the Southeast, as elsewhere, were nomadic, hunting and defending themselves with stone tools knives and scrapersclubs, and spears, which were at times tipped with wellcrafted, fluted stone points.

During the Archaic period, basketry, bone tools, and finer stone tools appeared. Archaic peoples also began to develop more specialized knowledge of their local environments and the animals and plants that lived there.

Though they did not generally travel far beyond these familiar environments, American Indians during this period did begin to establish trade and migration routes that brought the native peoples of the Carolinas in contact with other bands and tribes.

Scholars suggest that small-scale agriculture began to develop among American Indians in the Southeast around b. During the early Woodland period, native peoples began to concentrate settlements near streams and rivers, where the rich soil allowed successful farming.

This Woodland tradition took root among Indians in the Carolina region.

An analysis of european influences to the native indians of america during the exploration age

Many Woodland people planted crops such as sunflowers, corn, pumpkins, squash, and beans and built permanent wooden homes. Nevertheless, Indians in the Woodland period still relied primarily on hunting, fishing, and gathering.

Among the enormous variety of animal resources available, deer was a primary staple, providing food, clothing, blankets, and tools made of antler and bone.

Fishing methods included the use of hooks, spears sometimes poisonednets, traps, weirs, and dugout canoes. In most tribes, work was shared by men and women. Indian housing typically consisted of lodges made of bark or thatch, at times raised off the ground.

Some Indians, including the Cherokeealso built earthen winter homes without windows. Homes were furnished with straw or cane mats, pottery, basketry, and wooden utensils.

Copyright notice

As family groups and larger bands formed around productive agricultural or hunting grounds, villages developed. Some villages were surrounded by protective palisades, and most included a council house for public gatherings. Use of the bow and arrow probably evolved during the middle and late Woodland period; the oldest examples of arrow points in North Carolina have been located near the Yadkin River in the Piedmont.

Tobacco pipes of stone and clay, beads, and other ornaments made of shell and clay also came into common use. Pottery began to appear, as did a clear concern for the dead, evidenced in some regions by burial or effigy mounds and earthen enclosures. In some cases, the dead were placed in round or oval pits and buried with grave goods.

The Woodland Indians of North Carolina, though scattered and in many ways diverse, shared a number of cultural traits. Tribal societies were generally organized by leaders rather than rulers, governed by consensus rather than decree, and directed by a sense of community more than by individualism.

Community rituals for marking the passage of time and seasons and for personal cleanliness and purification developed along with religious beliefs about the ability of individuals to tap into the supernatural world, which was seen as full of spirits.

Sometime around the middle of the Woodland period ca. Over time, Mississippian tribal groups began to migrate into the Southeast, including North Carolina. While Mississippian peoples had many similarities to Woodland peoples, there were also important differences. Mississippian cultures were rooted more deeply in farming than were Woodland cultures, and Mississippians developed large town sites that served as hubs for religious ceremonies and trade.

Historical Aspects

These towns often included large pyramid shaped mounds topped by temples and meeting houses, and the mounds were surrounded by public grounds for games and public rituals. Individual houses, often made of wood, surrounded these public grounds, and beyond the homes were often extensive cultivated fields.According to United States Census Bureau estimates, a little over one third of the 2,, Native Americans in the United States live in three states: California at ,, Arizona at , and Oklahoma at , Oct 29,  · European imperialism during , began as a plan to gain more riches for the European nations.

The Europeans did this for three main reasons, which were for God, Gold, and Glory. The Europeans domination over Latin America, Africa and Asia were made out to be good for the native people of these lands.

Sep 13,  · Amerigo Vespucci, an Italian mapmaker, discovered America (Baym, ). European explorers found America as a result of questioning the land and water mass of the world by Renaissance scholars, and in the search for riches, wealth, and trading routes to the Far vetconnexx.coms: An Analysis of European Influences to the Native Indians of America During the Exploration Age PAGES 2.

WORDS 1, View Full Essay.

American Indians at European Contact | NCpedia

More essays like this: christopher columbus. Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University. Exactly what I needed.

Native American music - Music history of the Native Americans: The early history of American Indian musics may be gleaned from native methods of recounting history, traditional narratives, archaeology, iconography, and linguistics.

Though they did not generally travel far beyond these familiar environments, American Indians during this period did begin to establish trade and migration routes that brought the native peoples of the Carolinas in contact with other bands and tribes.

An analysis of the theme of greatness in the old man and the sea by ernest hemingway