Background[ edit ] Malcolm X and the Nation of Islam[ edit ] On March 8,Malcolm X announced his separation from the Nation of Islama black nationalist religious organization for which he had been the spokesman for nearly a decade.
Public Domain On October 11,Malcolm X gave a speech at the University of California, Berkeley, in which he outlined the philosophy of black nationalism as promoted by the Nation of Islam and declared racial separatism as the best approach to the problems facing black America.
Most of that speech appears below. Our people in the Negro community are trapped in a vicious cycle of ignorance, poverty, disease, sickness, and death.
There seems to be no way out. No way of escape. The wealthy, educated Black bourgeoisie, those uppity Negroes who do escape, never reach back and pull the rest of our people out with them.
The Black masses remain trapped in the slums. And because there seems to be no hope or no other escape, we turn to wine, we turn to whiskey, and we turn to reefers, marijuana, and even to the dreadful needle — heroin, morphine, cocaine, opium — seeking an escape.
Many of us turn to crime, stealing, gambling, prostitution. And some of us are used by the white overlords downtown to push dope in the Negro community among our own people. Unemployment and poverty have forced many of our people into a life of crime. The real criminal is the white liberal, the political hypocrite.
The Honorable Elijah Muhammad teaches us that our people are scientifically maneuvered by the white man into a life of poverty. Because we are forced to live in the poorest sections of the city, we attend inferior schools.
We have inferior teachers and we get an inferior education. Jobs that no one else wants. We are trapped in a vicious cycle of economic, intellectual, social, and political death. Inferior jobs, inferior housing, inferior education which in turn again leads to inferior jobs.
We spend a lifetime in this vicious circle. Or in this vicious cycle going in circles. Giving birth to children who see no hope or future but to follow in our miserable footsteps. So we thank God for the Honorable Elijah Muhammad. We who are Muslims saw no way out until we accepted the religion of Islam and the spiritual guidance of the Honorable Elijah Muhammad.
We saw no solution to our problems. We saw no real leader among our people. But today the whole world is talking about the Honorable Elijah Muhammad and the divine solution he received from the God of our forefathers.
Not your God but from the God of our forefathers. Not a temporary solution which will benefit only the hand-picked upper-class Negroes, but a solution divinely designed to solve the plight of the Black masses in this country permanently and forever.
The government does not want our people to listen and understand the solution that God has given the Honorable Elijah Muhammad. The government is against Mr. Muhammad because the government is against our God. I may add, whenever you get on the bus or the subway or the streetcar and you have to use a token, that token is not the real thing but it is a substitute for the real thing.
And wherever you have a token, you have a substitute. Has the government effort to bribe our people with token integration made our plight better; or has it made it worse? When you tried to integrate the white community in search of better housing, the whites there fled to the suburbs."The Ballot or the Bullet" Malcolm X Delivered 12 April, in Detroit (USA) Mr.
Moderator, Reverend Cleage, Brother Lomax, brothers and sisters, and friends and I see. Malcolm X (–) was an American Muslim minister and human rights vetconnexx.com his admirers he was a courageous advocate for the rights of blacks, a man who indicted white America in the harshest terms for its crimes against black Americans; detractors accused him of preaching racism and violence.
He has been called one of the greatest and most influential African Americans in history. The speech I chose was “The Ballot or the Bullet” by Malcolm X. This speech was given on April 3rd, in Cleveland Ohio.
He gave the speech to help the black community have equal rights. Jemel Roberson was fatally shot by police in Kanye West's hometown, Chicago. "The Ballot or the Bullet" is the title of a public speech by human rights activist Malcolm X. In the speech, which was delivered on April 3, , at Cory Methodist Church in Cleveland, Ohio, Malcolm X advised African Americans to judiciously exercise their right to vote, but he cautioned that if the government continued to prevent African .
The other text we are dealing with is the speech by Malcolm X, entitled “The Ballot or the Bullet”. Malcolm X was born in Later in his youth, he joined a Negro separatist movement called Nation of Islam, and converted to .