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Philosophical roots[ edit ] Diogenes Cosmopolitanism can be Ukessayscouk vancouver back to Diogenes of Sinope c. Of Diogenes it is said: The Stoics, who later took Diogenes' idea and developed it, typically stressed that each human being "dwells [ The task of world citizens becomes then to "draw the circles somehow towards the centre, making all human beings more like our fellow city dwellers, and so forth".
Kant there claimed that the expansion of hospitality with regard to "use of the right to the earth's surface which belongs to the human race in common" see common heritage of humanity would "finally bring the human race ever closer to a cosmopolitan constitution".
For Levinas, the foundation of ethics consists in the obligation to respond to the Other. In Being for the Other, he writes that there is no "universal moral law," only the sense of Ukessayscouk vancouver goodness, mercy, charity that the Other, in a state of vulnerability, calls forth.
The proximity of the Other is an important part of Levinas's concept: For Derrida, the foundation of ethics is hospitality, the readiness and the inclination to welcome the Other into one's home.
Ethics, he claims, is hospitality. Pure, unconditional hospitality is a desire that underscores the conditional hospitality necessary in our relationships with others. Levinas's and Derrida's theories of ethics and hospitality hold out the possibility of an acceptance of the Other as different but of equal standing.
Isolation is not a feasible alternative in the world, therefore, it is important to consider how best to approach these interactions, and to determine what is at stake for ourselves and the others: Further, both theories reveal the importance of considering how best to interact with the Other and others, and what is at stake.
Derrida in an interview with Bennington summarized "cosmopolitanism",  There is a tradition of cosmopolitanism, and if we had time we could study this tradition, which comes to us from, on the one hand, Greek thought with the Stoics, who have a concept of the 'citizen of the world'.
You also have St. Paul in the Christian tradition, also a certain call for a citizen of the world as, precisely, a brother. Paul says that we are all brothers, that is sons of God, so we are not foreigners, we belong to the world as citizens of the world; and it is this tradition that we could follow up until Kant for instance, in whose concept of cosmopolitanism we find the conditions for hospitality.
But in the concept of the cosmopolitical in Kant there are a number of conditions: Derrida cited in Bennington A Discussion with Jacques Derrida. A further state of cosmopolitanism occurred after the Second World War.
As a reaction to the Holocaust and the other massacres, the concept of crimes against humanity became a generally accepted category in international law. This clearly shows the appearance and acceptance of a notion of individual responsibility that is considered to exist toward all of humankind.
The boundaries between nations, states, cultures or societies are therefore morally irrelevant. A widely cited example of a contemporary cosmopolitan is Kwame Anthony Appiah. Globalizationa more common term, typically refers more narrowly to the economic and trade relations and misses the broader cultural, social, political, environmental, demographic, values and knowledge transitions taking place.
Contemporary cosmopolitan thinkers[ edit ] This section may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. No cleanup reason has been specified. Please help improve this section if you can. February Learn how and when to remove this template message A number of contemporary theorists propose, directly and indirectly, various ways of becoming or being a cosmopolitan individual.
Thich Nhat Hanh discusses what he calls "Interbeing" as a way of living one's life in relation to others; "Interbeing" might easily be compared to cosmopolitanism.
Nhat Hanh's philosophical beliefs are grounded in the precepts of Buddhist teachings, which involve compassion and understanding to protect and live in harmony with all people, animals, plants, and minerals.View our free sample essays, written for multiple subjects including: Business, Law and Nursing.
The United Kingdom Association of Learned Societies in the Social Sciences formed in gave rise to the Academy of Learned Societies for the Social Sciences incorporated , which became the Academy of Social Sciences on Get started on your project.
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